North Carolina’s solid waste policy reflects the state’s desire to reduce, reuse and recycle before turning to disposal as a management option for solid waste. To that end, the North Carolina General Assembly established a hierarchy of preferred alternatives to using landfills. The first option, after reduction, reuse and recycling, is composting.

For more information contact: Corinne Law, environmental specialist, at (919) 707-8285 or; or Ed Mussler, Permitting Branch head, at (919) 707-8281 or

Compost Demo Guide

The Division of Waste Management wants to encourage people and organizations to try composting. The division's staff is committed to working closely with applicants. The permit application process for pilot and demonstration projects has been streamlined. In some cases, construction and siting requirements can be relaxed.

Pilot and demonstration projects shows different ways composting can be used to reduce the amount of solid waste in the state's landfills. The division's staff can assist with getting your project started.

Compost Demo Guide

Composting at North Carolina Residential and Summer Camps

Residential camps generate food scraps from meal preparation, plate scrapings and left over or spoiled food. Many camps have horses, and thus have manure to also manage. Composting and vermicomposting are viable options for managing food scraps, horse manure and other types of organic waste materials.

Guidance for composting at North Carolina Residential and Summer Camps 
Document prepared by Rhonda Sherman, extension  specialist, in the Horticultural Science at North Carolina State University; and Eric Caldwell, county director for the Transylvania County Cooperative Extension.

Composting at Urban Farms and Community Gardens

Urban farms and community gardens may compost without a permit as long as they do not offer the finished compost to the public and stay within certain volume limits if material is brought in from off site.

Composting Guidance for Urban Farms and Community Gardens

Composting Links

N.C. Compost Council (NCCC)

Solid Waste Association of America (SWANA)

U.S. Composting Council