GenX Timeline

June 19, 2017

Water Testing Underway

On June 19, 2017, DEQ began collecting water samples from 12 sites along the Cape Fear River. Additional samples will be collected throughout the region during the next several weeks. 
Please see a map of the sampling locations and initial results here.  

After meeting with DEQ staff, Chemours agreed to pay for the sampling and analysis. The analysis of water samples will be conducted by two independent laboratories, a certified facility in Colorado and a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency laboratory in the Research Triangle Park near Raleigh. The sample results will be released when available.

July 17, 2017

EPA to Provide Guidance on Health Risks

Test results from water samples will be used to analyze drinking water safety. The EPA is developing an updated health screening level for GenX to help with this process. DHHS is reviewing all available health data and working with the EPA and the Centers for Disease Control to get their guidance about health risks of GenX.

DEQ is also encouraging the EPA to provide regulatory guidance on GenX and working with the state during its investigation of GenX in the Cape Fear River.

Health-Related Resources 

EPA Lab Results: Weeks 1-3

EPA Lab Results: Weeks 4-5

EPA Lab Results: Weeks 6-7

Aug. 8, 2017

Initial Funding Request for Funding

Aug. 14, 2017

Response Letter to N.C. Senators

Aug. 29, 2017

DEQ Directs Company to Stop Additional discharges

As part of its ongoing investigation, the N.C. Department of Environmental Quality ordered Chemours on Aug. 29 to stop discharging two additional chemical compounds into the Cape Fear River. The compounds were identified in the company’s waste stream by a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency analysis shared with the state this week.

At a meeting on Aug. 28, EPA scientists told the state that they have identified two compounds they are calling Nafion byproducts 1 and 2 in Chemours’ waste stream and that estimated concentrations of these compounds are not decreasing. The new information prompted DEQ to write Chemours on Aug. 29 asking the company to stop the release of the two compounds. DEQ also repeated its call for Chemours to provide the state agency with a complete inventory, sampling data and test results for all chemicals included in the company’s waste stream.

Details on the EPA’s findings are included in a report shared by the federal agency with DEQ August 31.

State orders Chemours: Stop chemical releases or face legal action, suspension of permit

State officials ordered Chemours on Sept. 5 to stop releasing all fluorinated compounds into the Cape Fear River and comply with the state’s other demands or face legal action and suspension of its permit for discharging wastewater into the river.

A letter from DEQ to Chemours and a civil court summons filed in Bladen County Superior Court by the North Carolina Attorney General's Office on behalf of the N.C. Department of Environmental Quality demands that Chemours stop its discharge of all fluorinated compounds and disclose everything in its waste stream.

The actions taken are part of an investigation launched in June by DEQ and the N.C. Department of Health and Human Services. The state is investigating the presence in the Cape Fear River of GenX, a chemical byproduct made at Chemours’ Fayetteville Works facility.

Partial Consent Order Reached

Civil Complaint from N.C. Department of Justice 

Motion For Temporary Restraining Order

Civil Summons from the Department of Justice

Letter with the Summons from the Department of Justice 

Letter from DEQ to Chemours-Notice of Intent to Suspend Permit

Past correspondence from DEQ to Chemours

Sept. 6, 2017

State issues notice of violation against Chemours based on new groundwater tests

State officials initiated additional enforcement actions against Chemours Wednesday after preliminary state test results detected GenX in violation of state groundwater standards in non-drinking water wells at the company’s Fayetteville Works facility.

As part of the ongoing state investigation, DEQ collected groundwater samples from 14 groundwater monitoring wells on the Chemours property in early August. Concentrations of GenX were detected in 13 of 14 industrial wells at the plant exceeding acceptable limits. Preliminary test results have identified other detections of fluorinated compounds. DEQ created a map that shows preliminary groundwater data.

Based on the preliminary results, DEQ announced its plans to cite Chemours with a notice of violation. Today’s announcement comes a day after the state initiated other legal action against the company.

See Preliminary Groundwater Test Results

See the Notice of Violation

Sept. 13, 2017

Other private well sampling

Chemours has informed the state that the company has implemented its own sampling plan of drinking water wells within one mile of the facility. Homeowners who live outside the initial one-mile sampling area can request that the company sample their well.

Also, Chemours has informed the state that it is offering bottled water to people living within a one-mile radius of the facility. People who wish can visit the Chemours facility to get bottled water. Homeowners who live outside the initial one-mile sampling area can request that the company sample their drinking water wells and ask for bottled water; however, those requests must go to the facility.

Sept. 20, 2017

DAQ Requests Data from Chemours on Air Emissions of GenX and Other Contaminants

Air emissions summary, 2012-2016 GenX compounds

Air emissions summary, 2012-2016 other emerging compounds

Oct. 24, 2017

In a letter sent today to Chemours, the N.C. Department of Environmental Quality informed the company that the state agency is continuing to look carefully at the Chemours wastewater discharge to make sure it executes remedial measures required by DEQ.

DEQ on Sept. 5 put the company on a 60-day notice that the state would suspend Chemours’ current wastewater discharge permit if the company failed to stop releasing fluorinated compounds into the Cape River and meet the state’s other demands. A Bladen County court reinforced the state’s demands of Chemours in a partial consent order issued Sept. 8 that required Chemours to stop the discharge of GenX and Nafion byproducts in areas of the facility where they had been identified.

Oct. 30, 2017

EPA Laboratory Report Sampling Inside Chemours Facility

The N.C. Department of Environmental Quality released the results of testing inside Chemours’ Fayetteville Works facility that helped form the basis for the state agency’s actions to require that the company stop releasing additional industrial process wastewater containing fluorinated compounds.

DEQ on Sept. 18 collected industrial process wastewater samples from manufacturing areas within the Fayetteville Works facility. The samples were tested for GenX, the two Nafion byproducts and three other fluorinated compounds. DEQ staff worked closely with scientists at the Environmental Protection Agency, which analyzed the samples for DEQ.

Nov. 2, 2017

State officials received results from well testing for Gen X at two elementary schools in the Gray’s Creek community in Cumberland County. There was no detection of GenX at Alderman Elementary School. Results for Gray’s Creek Elementary School showed concentrations of 5.19 parts per trillion, which is well below the state’s provisional drinking water health goal of 140 parts per trillion.

State receives results showing no GenX at Alderman Elementary School, low concentrations at Gray’s Creek Elementary

Nov. 3, 2017

State officials have directed Chemours to provide bottled water to 15 more well owners near the company’s Fayetteville facility after the most recent test results showed GenX above the provisional state health goal of 140 parts per trillion in their wells.

Latest test results show elevated levels of GenX in 15 more homeowners' wells

Nov. 7, 2017

State officials received surface water test results from the recreational lake at Camp Dixie in Bladen County showing concentrations of GenX of 620 parts per trillion. Surface water results from Marshwood Lake in Cumberland County showed concentrations of GenX at 915 parts per trillion while the Hall Park baseball field well water showed concentrations of 53.6 parts per trillion.

Latest test results show concentrations of GenX in Camp Dixie’s lake, Marshwood Lake and Hall Park baseball field’s well

Nov. 9, 2017

The N.C. Department of Environmental Quality will take additional enforcement action against Chemours for an increase in the concentration of GenX in the wastewater discharge at Chemours’ Fayetteville Works facility identified in recent water quality sampling results.   

DEQ will take additional enforcement action against Chemours for unreported spill

Nov. 14, 2017
The N.C. Department of Environmental Quality has cited Chemours with violating the conditions of its wastewater discharge permit because the company failed to report an Oct. 6 chemical spill at its Fayetteville Works facility.

DEQ issues violation notice to Chemours for unreported chemical spill