North Carolina’s solid waste policy reflects the state’s desire to reduce, reuse and recycle before turning to disposal as a management option for solid waste. To that end, the North Carolina legislature established a hierarchy of preferred alternatives to using landfills. The first option, after reduction, reuse and recycling, is composting.

Composting and Land Application Branch Overview
.1400 North Carolina Solid Waste Compost Rules
Compost Facility Permit Application Guidance

Compost Demo Guide

The Division of Waste Management wants to encourage people and organizations to try composting. The division's staff is committed to working closely with applicants, and the permit application process for pilot and demonstration projects has been streamlined. In some cases, construction and siting requirements can be relaxed.

Pilot and demonstration projects show the different ways composting can be used to reduce the amount of solid waste in our landfills. The DWM staff can help in getting these projects started, so feel free to contact the DWM staff for more information. 

Compost Demo Guide
Compost Testing Facilities

Residential and Summer Camps

Residential camps generate food scraps from meal preparation, plate scrapings and left-over or spoiled food. Many camps have horses and have manure to also manage. Composting and vermicomposting are viable options for managing food scraps, horse manure and other types of organic waste materials.

Composting at North Carolina Residential and Summer Camps (This document was prepared by Rhonda Sherman, extension solid waste specialist in the Department of Environmental and Agricultural Engineering at North Carolina State University, and Eric Caldwell, county director of the Transylvania County Cooperative Extension.)

Composting Guidance for Urban Farms and Community Gardens 

Composting Links

N.C. Compost Council (NCCC)
Solid Waste Association of America (SWANA)
U.S. Composting Council
Backyard Composting of Yard, Garden and Food Discards