Innovative Technologies

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Innovative Technologies

Please note that it is the responsibility of the vendor, consultant and/or RP to determine if a suggested technology is already patented. Methods can also be combined, and are often more effective by doing so. The technologies have been subdivided into Mechanical and Chemical Methods, then listed alphabetically. This Table will be updated periodically.

Mechanical Methods



Description of Technology

STF Eligibility



Aggressive Fluid Vapor Recovery (AFVR) uses a mobile vacuum truck to remove free product from groundwater.


Dual Phase Extraction


Uses a pump to extract groundwater and soil vapors simultaneously from recovery wells.  Contaminated water is then treated by conventional methods.


Hydraulic Fracturing


Uses high pressure water and sand to cut a disk-shaped cavern into a saturated media to enhance permeability.

Site-specific   consideration



Multi-phase extraction uses a vacuum system to remove various combinations of contaminated groundwater, free product (LNAPL), and vapors from the subsurface. The system lowers the water table around the well, exposing more of the formation. Contaminants in the newly exposed vadose zone are then accessible to vapor extraction. Once above ground, the extracted vapors or liquid-phase organics and ground water are separated and treated.  Mobile Multi-Phase Extraction (MMPE) uses a vacuum truck to do this, typically for 96 hours.


Radio Frequency (RF) Heating


Rods driven into contaminated soil emit radio waves that generate heat and volatize hydrocarbons.


Recirculating wells


Uses large diameter wells to remove VOCs by recirculating contaminated groundwater while the negative pressure of the SVE volatilizes (strips) VOCs in water and soil.

Considered   case by case

Soil Vapor Extraction (SVE)


Uses a vacuum pump to extract vapors (VOCs) by volatilization from unsaturated soils, also promotes biodegradation.  This technique can also be used to remove free product from the water table.




Uses water displacement to overcome the head inside a well that forces free product to collect in a skimmer/canister, requires no power source.




Uses vacuum extraction from the unsaturated zone and air injection of the saturated zone (volatilizes and biodegrades hydrocarbons)




Uses vacuum to induce a negative pressure on multiple wells while raising the water table to promote bubbling in the groundwater (i.e., soil gas is extracted from the wells).


Chemical Methods

Bioremediation by injecting air, oxygenates or nutrients.


Providing oxygen or nutrients to existing microbes in the subsurface.  Anything other than air injected into the subsurface will require evaluation and approval from the Underground Injection Control permitting section.

Considered case by case.

Bioremediation using lab-cultured microbes


Using lab cultured microbes to degrade petroleum products in-situ (requires injection).  This process will also require evaluation and approval from the Underground Injection Control permitting section.

Considered case by case.

Bioventing air injection


Low air flow rates (cfm) are INJECTED into unsaturated subsurface soils (enhances biodegradation)

Yes, only on soil stockpiles  (ex-situ)

Bioventing air extraction


Low air flow rates (cfm) are EXTRACTED from the unsaturated subsurface soils (volatilizes and biodegrades hydrocarbons)



Electron Acceptor Solution

(or similar)

EOS Remediation, LLC

EASTM is a patented, sulfate-enhanced anaerobic bioremediation process engineered for in situ treatment of petroleum hydrocarbons in the aquifer and capillary zone.  An Underground Injection Control permit would be required prior to use.



(or similar)

inVentures Technologies

iSOC®  (in-situ Submerged Oxygen Curtain) is a patented oxygen delivery technology that infuses high levels of oxygen into groundwater when suspended in monitoring wells. The proprietary structured polymer used in iSOC® contains hydrophobic microporous hollow fibers.


Matrix Oxygen Injection System

(or similar)

Matrix Environmental Technologies, Inc.

Matrix Oxygen Injection Process is a patented oxygen delivery technology that produces pure oxygen from compressed air for pulse injection into groundwater.


Natural Oil Vanish


Uses composted poultry waste with added microbes to enhance bioremediation of contaminated soil.

Yes, only on   soil stockpiles  (ex-situ)

Oil Gator Bioremediation Product


Mixes modified cellulosic fibers, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus and indigenous bacteria with ex-situ contaminated soils

Yes, only on  soil stockpiles  (ex-situ)

Oxygen Releasing Compound (ORC)


Uses a media placed in groundwater wells or open excavations to increase dissolved oxygen in groundwater, thus enhancing natural attenuation.

Considered  Case by Case

Ozone Injection

H2O Engineering, Inc.

In-situ chemical oxidation using ozone.  


Soil bioremediation


Treats contaminated soil ex-situ by mixing soil with nutrients and stockpiling (hydrocarbons are biodegraded).  Typical of land application.




Surfactants are used to reduce surface tension and break down hydrocarbons to enhance biodegradation and accelerate recovery.


Trap and Treat using BOS 200

(or similar)


Traps contaminants via adsorption onto activated carbon and subsequently treats them via biological degradation within the BOS 200 matrix as the product incorporates both aerobic and anaerobic biological processes. BOS 200 contains microbes and nutrients, including phosphorus and nitrogen, and electron acceptors (nitrate, ammonia and sulfate).